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Maths may not be your thing but it is hard to avoid in everyday life, however, help is at hand as there are many shortcuts around that can help make calculations a little easier. Here are just a few ........
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To calculate the total of a bill including tax add 1 before multiplying.
Example 1 Price 150.95 plus tax of 0.065
Multiply 150.95 x 1.065 = 160.76
This also works in reverse -
160.76 divided by 1.065 = 150.95
Example 2 Price 150.95 plus 17.5% tax
Multiply 150.95 x 117.5% = 177.37
In reverse -
177.37 divided by 117.5% = 150.95
Thanks to KB for this one.
What this is actually doing is acknowledging the original figure is 100% and then adding on the additional percentage or (in this case) tax figure, giving a combined total as an answer.
Anything ending in an "even" number is divisible by 2.
Anything divisible by 9 is also divisible by 3.
Thanks to KB for these.
A quick way to do calculations is to drop the noughts at the ends of the numbers then replace them for your final answer.
Example - To add 120 + 90 add 12 + 9 = 21 then add back the 0 = 210
If you have to multiply a large number by 25, add two noughts to the number then divide by 4. This is much easier to do, especially mentally.
Example: 167 x 25 16700 Divide by 4 = 4175
When faced with a little poser like 27.5% of 50 for example, I find it easier to call it 50% or 27.5. It is easier to mentally divide 27.5 by 2. It works every time.
Thanks for these Harvey Alexander
When multiplying numbers ending in 5 by themselves e.g. 75 x 75
Deal with the left hand numbers first
In this example the left-hand number is 7
Add 1 to this number i.e. 7 + 1 = 8
Multiply the original number 7 x the new number 8 = 56
Now deal with the right-hand numbers which are always 5 x 5 = 25
Therefore the answer is 5625
Here is another example -
35 x 35
3 + 1 = 4
4 x 3 = 12
5 x 5 = 25
Thanks to Allan Brown for this contribution
To make complex sums easier to handle, break down into simpler elements.
Example: 6 x 348
A quick way to convert kilometres to miles is to drop the last digit and multiply by 6.
Example: 72 kilometres = 7 x 6 = 42 miles (approximately)
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