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Complete guide to buying new or old furniture, what to look out for, everything you need to know.

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Complete Guide to Buying New (Or Old) Furniture

by Pamela Cole Harris

If you are like me, your investment in furniture has to last! It
has to be durable, beautiful and a good buy for my money. You all
know that a good buy doesn’t necessarily mean cheap, but it does
mean that the value in years of problem-free use. I want to know
that the furniture will last at least as long as it took to make
the money to buy it! (And in some furniture I have seen, it was a
distinct possibility that it wouldn’t survive the trip home!)

There are two types of furniture, upholstered furniture and case
goods. “Case goods” refer to furniture that is not
upholstered, but has a basic box or case construction (with many
elaborations and variations!). Case goods are usually used for
storage or display. Upholstered furniture has fabric-covered
cushions or padding and is usually used for seating.

When buying case goods:

1. Make sure you know the difference between hardwoods and
softwoods. Hardwood comes from a broad leafed, or non-needled tree,
like maple, cherry or mahogany. These woods have strength or
stability; but those qualities can make hardwoods difficult to
work with for intricate carving and detail work. Softwoods come
from needle-bearing trees such as pine or cedar. They are easily
carved or worked. Since their surfaces are often soft, they are
more susceptible to marks and dings, which may result in a
weathered or worn quality that is appropriate or appealing in
certain pieces.

2. Make sure you know what “solid wood” means.
“Solid wood” means that all exposed pieces of the piece
are solid, but those areas hidden from view may be something else.

3. Make sure you know why using plywood may be your best bet!
Solid wood has a tendency to expand and contract as the humidity
changes and does not offer the needed stability when constructing
the large flat panels (like table tops or cabinet sides). Plywood
or particle board (made of ground up wood) is significantly more
stable and less apt to warp or split. These panels will often be
framed in solid wood and covered by veneers to recreate the look
of one large piece of wood.

4. Make sure you know what “veneering” is. Veneer is the
use of thin layers of highly decorative woods on top of plywood,
particle board or medium-density fiberboard (MDF). Veneering makes
it possible to match grain patterns or use inlays to create
designs that mother nature can’t produce in solid wood. But beware
of cheaper furniture which reproduces wood grain photographically.
If it is photographic, the grain will be perfect, with none of the
flaws of nature, and the grain will have no natural variations.

5. Make sure drawers are dovetailed and jointed securely, have
glides and stops, glide easily when, have dust panels and are
smooth and snag free inside.

6. Make sure doors swing open easily without squeaking or rubbing
and that long doors are attached with study hinges.

7. Make sure tables have a heavy balanced feeling when rocked,
that the leaves fit properly and that the leaves match grain and
finish of table.

When buying upholstered furniture:

1. Make sure that the piece has adequate padding with no harsh
underlying wood edges, especially on the arms. If the fabric is
directly touching the wood with no padding, the piece will quickly
wear at that point.

2. Make sure the patterns are matched at the seams, on front edges
and on back cushions. Matched patterns are usually a sign of
higher quality.

3. Make sure the stitching is tight and that no areas are
separating (and no stuffing is hanging out!).

4. Make sure the frames are constructed of a kiln-dried hardwood
for durability.

5. Make sure the frame is joined using dowels as well as corner
blocked, glued and screwed together.

6. Make sure you check the type of springs. Eight-way hand-tied
springs are used in the base of better quality pieces. These
springs are three-dimensional coils attached to webbing on the
bottom of the upholstered piece and tied with twine at the top to
each of the eight adjacent coils to keep them from shifting. The
result is an even comfort level which never
“bottoms-out” even when your linebacker friends sit on
it. Sinuous springs are two-dimensional “S” shaped wires
that are fastened to the top of the front rail and run down the
back of the piece every few inches apart. The result is a somewhat
“mushier” seat and is less costly.

7. Make sure that you chose fabrics that will wear well if you
have a family. Keep in mind that, as a rule, tightly woven fabrics
wear best. For durability, chose a high thread count fabric –
meaning that the number of threads per square inch is high.
Another general rule is that fabrics which have their pattern
woven in wear better than printed fabrics.

8. Most important, make sure you sit in the piece. It may be
beautiful, but can you bear to sit in it for any period of time?

Before buying furniture:

1. Make sure you know how it will be used and how long. You don’t
want to spend a lot of money on a baby crib you will use for only
a short time, while budgeting just a little on table that will be
used for many years.

2. Make sure you know how much space you have. Don’t chose
furniture that will overwhelm a small space or get lost in a large

3. Make sure you decide what style you want. Casual (overstuffed
sofas, earthy colors, and softwoods, such as pine); contemporary
(bold colors, sharp lines, metal and glass); country (soft
cushions, floral prints, distressed and painted wood); traditional
(damask and chintz, cherry and mahogany woods); or a combination
of all?

4. Make sure you know how much you can spend. (This is always
where I trip up!)

5. And make sure you do some planning before you go shopping.
Decide what colors you like, what texture would work best for your
family and whether you want patterns, stripes, checks or solids.
Look at design websites for tips on what furniture would look best
for your room size and lifestyle.

Buying furniture should be fun and creative! Just make certain
that you know what you are buying and why! And another tip: Ask
yourself if you will still like this piece ten years from now? If
not, it will probably not be worth the investment today. Now, I’m
off to follow my own advice! Hmmm…will I like that purple velvet
plaid with the orange trim in 2014?