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Birthstones and flowers, interesting information and a list of appropriate stones said to be the birthstone for each month of the year and the flowers associated with each month..



Each month of the year is said to have it’s own
“birthstone”, there are several versions of this,  one of which is given

In addition, it may be helpful to know
what flowers are associated with particular months of the year so that you
can make that birthday bouquet extra meaningful.

AprilDiamondSweet Pea
MayEmeraldLily of the Valley
JunePearl  or



Interesting information on Birthstones

Each month of the year is said to
have its own

which symbolizes the month of birth in the Gregorian calendar or a
zodiac sign. There are many differing explanations for the origins of
the tradition, but there are several biblical explanations as well as
evidence of zodiac-based birthstones in ancient civilisations as far
back as 1400 BC who associated the birthstones with magical properties
and would wear a different one each month.

a line of rings with a variety of gem stones

Gemstones (L-R); Marquise-cut sapphire, Ruby & Diamond claw set,
Natural pink diamond ring, Orange sapphire with diamond shoulders, oval
peridot set in yellow gold

The idea of an individual wearing
one’s own birthstone for the entire year is a modern one, but the
tradition can be found all over the world, with religious or
astrological explanations. Over time the birthstones have varied. In
1912 the American National Association of Jewellers established a
standard definition of birthstones, which remained unchanged until 2002,
when tanzanite was added as a birthstone for December. The National
Association of Jewellers confirmed that it was a commercial decision to
“help retailers sell more jewellery”. Here is a traditional modern
birthstone list:

January – Garnet

Garnet has been used since the
Bronze Age, and tends to come in a dark red colour, but it can also be
found in almost every colour except blue. It is thought to represent
loyalty, and to help safely guide the wearer.

February – Amethyst

Amethyst is the gemstone
traditionally associated with February and the Aquarius star sign. It is
a variety of quartz, and comes in pale blue to deep purple. It is
relatively abundant, and so is readily available in a range of shapes
and sizes.

Amethyst is said to have a
sobering effect on the wearer, and it also symbolizes peace and
tranquility. Its deep purple colour means it was a favourite for Greek
and Egyptian rulers, and features in the British Crown Jewels.

March – Aquamarine

Aquamarine is March’s birthstone,
and comes in blue/green/grey colours, with blue being the most valuable.
In ancient times aquamarine was said to help seafarers, symbolizing
love, affection, youth, hope and health.

April – Diamond

Diamond is the most popular
gemstone for engagement rings, and has been the traditional gemstone of
love since ancient Greek times. Although they are generally thought of
as a colourless stone, they are sometimes found in bright colours.

May – Emerald

Emerald is a highly-prized green
gemstone. Flawless, clear emeralds are very rare, so they tend to only
be found in small sizes. According to folklore, emerald cured a wide
range of ailments including low I.Q., bad eyesight and infertility. It
was also thought to imbue the wearer with abilities to predict the

June – Pearl or

Pearl is accepted as the
birthstone for June. Pearls are the result of an oyster defending
itself. When a foreign object penetrates the shell the oyster surrounds
it with a substance called nacre, which forms pearls. They come in a
wide range of colours and shapes. Perfectly round pearls are considered
the most valuable.

Pearls represent modesty, chastity
and purity. They are made mainly of calcium carbonate, which means they
can be dissolved in vinegar. They can be susceptible to damage from
household chemicals and cosmetics. Pearls should be washed with mild
soap and water.

Alexandrite is another birthstone
for June. It is highly rare, with most Alexandrite on the market being
synthetic or man-made.

July – Ruby

Ruby is the birthstone for July.
It is a rare gem which only comes in red. Rubies are thought to protect
their owners from misfortune, ensuring the wearer that he or she will
live in harmony with his or her neighbours.

August – Peridot

Peridot is the accepted birthstone
for August. It comes in lime green and is the result of volcanic
activity. It was considered to ward off evil, and wearing a peridot
chalice was thought to intensify the effects of drugs. Thanks to being
relatively abundant it is widely available in large sizes.

September – Sapphire

Sapphire comes in all sorts of
colours except red, but is most popular in a deep blue shade. Prince
Charles famously chose a blue sapphire for Princess Diana’s engagement
ring. It is a highly durable stone which was valued highly by religious
people, who thought the stone enabled them to interpret oracles and
predict the future.

October – Opal

Opal symbolizes hope, innocence
and purity. It was thought to protect the blond hair of fair-haired
girls and in medieval times some even thought it allowed the wearer to
become invisible, as well as offering benefits for eyesight. It comes in
black and white. White opal has flashes of other colours running through
it, while black opal can actually be black, dark blue, dark green or
grey with flashes of colour inside including red, pink and bright green.

November – Topaz

Most people think of topaz as
being a gold-yellow colour, but it also occurs in orange-red,
honey-brown, light green, blue and pink. The orange-red and pink topaz
are the most rare and valuable. Ancient Greeks thought that topaz gave
them strength, while also moderating tempers, restoring sanity, curing
asthma, relieving insomnia and even preventing death.

Smoky Quartz or Citrine is
sometimes used as an alternative to topaz because it offers many of the
same colours and is less rare and more readily available in large sizes.

December – Turquoise


urquoise gemstones range from sky
blue to blue-green and apple green. Sky blue is the rarest, and
therefore most desirable, colour. Some Native Americans used turquoise
as a currency during the 16th century,
and believed that the stone could bring happiness and good fortune.
Turquoise was even thought to be effective beyond earth, which is why it
has been found in many ceremonial burial houses on tombs. Tutankhamen’s
mask was heavily inlaid with turquoise when it was found.

The above information has been contributed by
where you can find more information on where the tradition of
birthstones began.